“The decision to nationalize this library was made by the first Soviet government, whose composition was 80 to 85 percent Jewish…Not everyone was happy. The usual suspects aren’t too keen on having their central role in the Russian Revolution advertised, particularly by a world leader, and made their feelings known.
Today, we are essentially returning these books to the Jewish community with a happy smile.”
The Jewish Daily Forward:
“You might be tempted to think his remarks have just enough ring of truth to sound plausible. After all, weren’t the Jews in Russia back then fiercely opposed to the oppressive, pogromist tsarist regime? (Well, yeah.) Weren’t they the ones who brought all those radical ideas about socialism and trade unions to America? (Uh, sort of)After ‘sort of’ admitting that the Jews were ‘fiercely opposed’ to the Tsar, responsible for bringing ‘radical ideas about socialism and trade unions to America’ and The Protocols got it right, Goldberg then says that ‘the proportion of Jewish members of the first Soviet government was not 85% or even 80% but 6.25%.’ (At this time the Jews comprised around 4 percent of the Russian population)
On the other hand, you might have been thinking that he was spouting some nasty conspiracy theories from the annals of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Isn’t this Jewish-reds-take-over-Mother-Russia precisely what the Protocols say? (Bingo.)"
Goldberg bases the 6.25 figure on the fact that, within the first two Councils of Peoples’ Commissars, there was only one Jew in each, Trotsky and then Isaac Steinberg.
However, Goldberg fails to mention that, at that time, Trotsky (Bronstein) and Yakov Sverdlov (Solomon) were, after Lenin, the most powerful people in the government. Trotsky, the most charismatic and effective of the leadership cabal, founded and was the head of the Red Army, and Sverdlov, as Chairman of the Central Executive Committee, was, (after Lenin presumably) the most powerful man in the Russian Federation from shortly after the October Revolution until the time of his death in 1919. He was also the Chairman of the Secretariat of the Russian Communist Party from 1918.
Grigory Zinoviev (Apfelbaum), of Zinoview letter fame, Lev Kamenev (Rosenfeld) and Grigori Sokolnikov (Brilliant) were also more powerful and well-regarded than any of the various Commissars from the time of the Bolshevik takeover until Lenin’s death, though both Zinoviev and Kamenev were out of favour with Lenin for a while during the early days of the Revolution.
Mosei Uritsky and Lenin's 'roving ambassador,' Maxim Litvinov, were also at least as well regarded as any of the rank-and-file Commissars.
In his 1994 history, ‘Stalin Against the Jews,’ Arkady Vaksberg tells us that Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev 'formed the leadership nucleus and had every reason to expect to inherit the mantle of leadership from Lenin. The man closest to the 'troika' after Sverdlov's death was Grigori Sokolnikov.'
Lenin's grandfather was also Jewish.
Vaksberg also tells us that the Tsar and his family were killed by Jewish executioners:
"There is no getting around the fact that the first violins in the orchestra of death of the Tsar and his family were four Jews, Yakov Yurovsky, Shaia Goloshchekin, Lev Sosnovsky, and Pinkus Vainer. The concert master and conductor was Yakov Sverdlov."
The 14 March 1917 edition of The New York Times told us that, at a Madison Square Garden rally celebrating the revolution, Schiff sent the following telegram when he could not appear in person:
"Will you say for me to those present tonight how deeply I regret my inability to celebrate with the Friends of Russian Freedom the actual reward of what we had hoped and striven for these long years!"‘Enemies of My Enemy,’ Professor Kevin MacDonald says this:
“The idea that the Bolshevik Revolution was part of a coordinated conspiracy… rested on the widespread intelligence reports that wealthy Jews were important financiers of revolutionary movements… American Jewish capitalists like Jacob Schiff did finance Russian radical movements directed at overthrowing the Czar and may well have had considerable impact. (Goldstein 1990, Szajkowski 1967).Jacob Schiff was married to Therese Loeb, daughter of Solomon Loeb, the founder of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. Another Loeb daughter, Nina, was married to another German Jew, Paul Warburg. Warburg was the man most responsible for creating, with governmental assistance, the Federal Reserve Bank, the most powerful banking house in the world.
Schiff, who had already distinguished himself by leading efforts to abrogate a trade agreement between the U.S. and Russia and had financed the Japanese war effort against Russia in 1905, was repeatedly identified in MID reports as behind the international collusion among wealthy Jews and Jewish revolutionaries.”
Most Americans are unaware that the Fed Res is not an arm of government. It is, and always has been, a private banking institution.
In his 1993 history, ‘The Fatal Embrace: Jews and the State,’ Benjamin Ginsberg tells us that:
“During the 1920s and 1930s, Jews were a major element in the secret police and other Soviet security forces. Genrikh Yagoda, for instance, served as chief of the secret police during the 1930s…Zvi Gitelman’s 1972 work, ‘Jewish Nationalism and Soviet Politics: The Jewish Sections of the CPU, 1917-1930,’ says:
Other high-ranking Jewish secret policemen included Matvei Berman and Naftali Frenkel who helped to expand and institutionalize the slave labor system. Slave laborers working under Frenkel's supervision built the White-Sea Baltic Canal in 1932. As many as 200,000 workers perished while completing this project.
Another Jewish security officer, K. V. Pauker, served as chief of operations of the secret police in the 1930s. Lev Inzhir was chief accountant for the Gulag. M. T. Gay headed the special secret police department that conducted the purges of the 1930s. In what came to be called the 'Great Terror,' he supervised the mass arrests, trials, and executions of Stalin's opponents.
Two other Jewish secret policemen, A. A. Slutsky and Boris Berman, were in charge of Soviet terror and espionage abroad during the 1930s.”
“The high visibility of Jews in the Bolshevik regime was dramatized by the large numbers of Jews in the Cheka (the original incarnation of the KGB)... From the Jewish point of view it was no doubt the lure of immediate physical power which attracted many Jewish youths… Whatever the reasons, Jews were heavily represented in the secret police…In his 1990 work, The Unknown Lenin, Dr. Richard Pipes, Professor of History at Harvard, reported thus:
Since the Cheka was most hated and feared organ of the Bolshevik government, anti-Jewish feelings increased in direct proportion to Cheka terror.”
"The worst bestialities were committed by some of the provincial Chekas, which operated at a distance from the eyes of the central organs and had no fear of being reported on by foreign diplomats or journalists.And then there was Lazar Kaganovich, architect of the deliberately induced Ukrainian Holocaust (Holodomor) of 1933. which is estimated to have cost around seven million lives.
There exists a detailed description of the operations of the Kiev Cheka in 1919 by one of its staff, I. Belerosov, a former law student and Tsarist officer, which he gave to General Denikin's investigators. According to Belerosov, at first the Kiev Cheka went on a 'continuous spree' of looting, extortion and rape.
Three-quarters of the staff were Jews, many of them riff-raff incapable of any other work, cut off from the Jewish community although careful to spare fellow Jews'."
I could go on.
Putin was exaggerating or uninformed. Or perhaps he was just hazarding an intelligent guess at the overall effect the Jewish input had as a proportion of the total horror. Whatever, his estimate was no more erroneous in its capacity to mislead than that of J.J. Goldberg.
The aforementioned historians, Benjamin Ginsberg, Zvi Gitelman and Richard Pipes, are Jewish, as are Judith Goldstein and Zosa Szajkowski, to whom Kevin MacDonald refers. MacDonald, himself, is not Jewish.
I'm not sure of Arkady Vaksberg's origins.